96. First Test on Fundamental Rights

1. Part III of the Indian Constitution deals with  Fundamental Rights. Which  one of the following statements  is Incorrect in regard  to Fundamental  Rights ? Answer according to the  code below

i. Fundamental rights are enforced by the Supreme Court  under Article 32 and by  the High Courts under Article 226 .

ii. The part dealing with Fundamental Rights begins with Article 12 and ends with Article 35

iii.  Directive principles may not be justiciable  but are not irrelevant

iv.  Even during the freedom struggle Jawahar Lal Nehru introduced the resolution  on Fundamental Rights  at the Karachi Session of the Indian National Congress in 1931

A. Only i and ii are correct          B. only ii and iii are correct

C. Only iii and iv are correct       D. All are correct

2. Answer according to the code below

i. Fundamental rights are human rights but all human rights are not fundamental rights

ii. Fundamental rights are claims of the individual against the State. Restrictions on Fundamental Rights are claims of the society on the individual.

iii. Fundamental rights can be amended except the Right to Life

iv. The Supreme Court has vastly expanded the Fundamental Rights  keeping in mind human rights

A. Only i and ii are correct             B. only ii and iii are correct

C. Only iii and iv are correct          D. All are correct

3 . Answer according to the  code below

A. Fundamental rights ensure transparency and accountability

B. Fundamental rights are available against everyone

C. Parliament of India is not supreme. It cannot pass laws against the Fundamental Rights

D. The Supreme Court is also  bound by the Fundamental Rights of the people.

A. Only i and ii are correct         B. only ii and iii are correct

C. Only iii and iv are correct      D. All are correct

4. Study the following statements and answer according to the code below

A. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

B. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

C. A is true but R is false           D. A is false but R is true

4 . A. Fundamental Rights are a gift from the State to its citizens

R. The source of the Constitution of India is ‘we the people’.

5 . A. The state does not confer fundamental rights

R. It confirms their existence and gives them protection.

6 . The Constitution of India paves the way for a revolutionary change in the lives of the people.

R. Coupled with the dynamic a nature of the Rights and the Directive Principles of the Constitution, far reaching changes have been taking place in the lives of the people.

7. A. Fundamental Rights represent the claims of the individual

R. Restrictions on Fundamental Rights represent the claims of society on the individual

8. A. Fundamental Rights emphasize human rights

R. Directive principles emphasize the duties of the State

9 . A. Parts III and IV together constitute the corner stone  of commitment to a social revolution

R. Parts III and IV aim at social and economic equality

10 . A. The fundamental rights granted by the Constitution are like vessels into which each generation pours in content through the Supreme Court

R. Life is dynamic and changing times create new horizons of rights

11. A. The Supreme Court of India has vastly expanded the Constitution

R.  The Supreme court has held that the right to life includes the right to a means of livelihood and a clean environment

12. A. Derivative Rights, that is rights derived from the rights specifically mentioned in the Constitution have a lower place

R. Derivative Rights are a part of the Constitution for they  make explicit what is implicit

13. A. The Right to Information is  only a legal  right

R. The Right to Information springs from the  Right to Know which is the basis of the right to free speech and expression

14 . i.  Article 13 makes it clear that Fundamental Rights are available only against the State

ii . Article 14 enshrines the Rule Of Law

iii. Any person in the world can approach the Indian Supreme Court for relief under  Article 14  .

Answer according to the Code below

A. Only i and ii are correct       B. only ii and iii are correct

C. Only iii and iv are correct    D. All are correct

15 . I. The power to provide reservation for the SCs and STs is derived from Articles 15 and 16

ii. The power to provide reservation for the socially and economically aback wad sections of the population springs from Articles 15 and 16.

iii. I. The power to provide reservation for the women   is derived from Articles 15 and 16

Answer according to the Code below

A. Only i and ii are correct          B. only ii and iii are correct

C. Only iii and iv are correct       D. All are correct

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