Probity in Governance is an essential part of the New Scheme of the Syllabus for the Civil Service Examination. This blog aims at promoting a lively discussion among the students of our Institute. Please engage in a fruitful debate. This comes in General Studies paper V. ( Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption)

“Probity in governance is an essential and vital requirement for an efficient and effective system of governance and for socio-economic development. An important requisite for ensuring probity in governance is absence of corruption” Justice Jeevan Reddy in his consultation paper presented to the Advisory Panel on Strengthening of the institutions of Parliamentary Democracy. (http://lawmin.nic.in/ncrwc/finalreport/v2b1-12.htm)
(http://www.academicjournals.org/jpapr/PDF/PDF2012/March/Radhika.pdf)
1 . Corruption is an abuse of public resources or position in public life for private gain. Do you agree that the level of corruption is very high in India? Can you explain a few reasons for this high level of corruption?

2 .Enormous sums spent on Development expenditure particularly in procuring materials and services provide much scope for corruption like in the Bofors Deal, the Choppers deal etc.,  To prevent this we need Integrity, uprightness and honesty ; Defensible process and Fair and equitable treatment. Have you any comments to make?

3 . “Originally, the ethics framework identifies general core values that should be common to all member states. These values are the rule of law (“lawfulness”), impartiality/ objectivity, transparency (“openness”), accountability, professionalism (“expertise”), and duty of care, reliability (“confidence, trust”) and courtesy (“service principle”). If it is believed that these are the core values, then they should be fully recognized in every country.” MS. Radhika

How far have these values been adopted in India? Have you any suggestions to make?

4 . The major determinants of administrative conduct in the Public Sector include
1) The political construct of which public administrators are a part
2) The legal framework
3) The administrators and public employees who are responsible for the provision of public services
4) The citizens and users of public services that are a part of the civil society.

Examine how far  the components of our political system ( like coalition compulsions, adversarial attitudes of political parties with the Vote Bank politics in mind, the judicial processes like undue delay in deciding cases, absence of independent investigating agencies, sporadic functioning of Civil Society and an apathetic citizenry and the presence of a chaltahai attitude ) aggravates corruption.

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