Scientific method and research methodology:
The advance learner’s dictionary of current English lays down the meaning of research as “A careful investigation or inquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge”.
According to Clifford woody –research comprises defining and redefining problem, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions, collecting, organizing and evaluating data, making deductions and reaching conclusion to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis.
For a clear perception of the term research one should know the meaning of scientific method. The two terms research and meaning and scientific method are closely related. Research as we have already stated, can be termed as “an inquiry into the nature of the reasons for and the consequences of any particular set of circumstances, whether these circumstances are experimentally controlled or recorded just as they occur and we can explain ‘scientific method as, pursuit of truth as determined by logical consideration .the ideal of science is to achieve a systematic interrelation of facts, scientific method attempts to achieve this ideal by experimentation ,observation, logical arguments from accepted postulates and a combination of these three in varying proportions. Accordingly, scientific method implies an objective, logical and systematic method, i.e., a method free from personal bias or prejudice, a method to ascertain demonstrable qualities of a phenomenon capable of being verified,a method wherein the researcher is guided by the rules of logical reasoning ,a method wherein the investigation proceeds in an orderly manner and a method that implies internal consistency.
Research methods and methodology:
It seems appropriate at this juncture to explain the difference between research method and research methodology .research method may be understood as all those method/techniques that are used for conduction of research. Research methods or techniques, thus, refer to the methods the researcher use in performing research operations in other word, all those method which are used by the researcher during the course of studying his research problem are termed as research methods.
Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem; it may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research method or techniques but also methodology. We can say that research methodology has many dimension and research methods do constitute a part of the research methodology. Thus when we talk of research methodology we not only talk of the research method but also consider the logic behind the method we use in the context of our research study and explain why we are using a particular method or techniques and why we are not using others so that research result are capable of being evaluated either by the researcher himself or by others.
Give your answer about 200 words
Q.1) Briefly describe the different steps involved in a research process.
Q.2) Explain the signification of research in modern times.
Q.3) Write a comprehensive note on the –“Task of defining a research problem”.
Dr.Chhaya Dubey Ph.D. Dr. Chaya is available for consultation through the Administrator Prof. B.R.A.Rao