Environment protection owes a lot to grass roots movements in the country. A few may be mentioned : the Chipko Andolan movement led by the veteran Sunderlal Bahuguna in the Tehri Garhwal regions is the oldest. It was followed by the Appiko (embrace the tree when the contractor comes to fell it down) in The Western Ghats region of Karnataka, the Silent Valley Agitation, the protest against dams at Bedthi, and the work of the Kerala Sastra SHitya Parishad and by many other groups. Then there was the Mitti Bachao Abhiyan to organize the farmers against water logging caused by faulty irrigation systems. Do you know any other such grass roots movements? Can you analyze the impact of the large dams on ecology? Think about it.(1)
It is a good sign of the times that the man in the street is thinking about the environment. Much remains to be done in regard to pollution levels in the cities. Can you list some of the factors increasing pollution in the cities? Can you suggest the way out? Do you know any other such grass roots movements?(2)
Study the material in the site and make notes. Expect questions both at the Prelims and the Mains.
Smt Indira Gandhi once remarked that poverty is the greatest polluter. At the Stockholm convention, the Brazilian delegate thundered ‘smoke is a sign of progress’ What were they trying to convey? (3) Do you think that Developing countries have to pay more attention to economic development and too much concern for the environment affects development? Critics speak of environmental fundamentalism. What do they mean? (4)
Even recreation of nature like afforestation benefits only the rich. Have you any proofs of this? Environmental degradation affects women most? How?(5)
The cities are the curse; the villages are the victims. Do you agree? (6)
More in my next blog.