Land Acquisition 2 B.A.Nagesh M.A. K.A.S retd



The subject of Land acquisition is in the Concurrent list with power given to both the Central and State Govts  The Land acquisition act 1894 is the premier act on land acquisition The main purpose of land acquisition is to create physical and social infrastructure

Acquisition leads to displacement of land/livelihood and results in traumatic consequences for those affected . The Dept. of Land resources has formulated a policy for project affected families-PAFS-by catering to their special needs and ensuring better standards of living

The National policy seeks to ensure only minimum displacement; with social impact assessment for those displaced; tribal development plan  for SC/ST families. It makes consultation with Gram sabha and public hearings compulsory. It ensures rehabilitation before displacement and land for land as compensation.

There should be a Commissioner for Relief and Rehabilitation with Project administrators for each project. There must be a Ombudsman for grievances under this scheme.

The Dept. of Land resources is accelerating the pace of development of wastelands and degraded lands. It has launched a scheme of capacity building for better land management with responsibility given to the CEO of the Zilla panchayat and the Superintendent of Police for protection of Govt. land in their jurisdiction.


  1. Which is the nodal agency for the administration of the Land acquisition act?
  2. Which agency impliments the Urban land ceiling act?
  3. What does the Urban land ceiling and regulation act of 1999 stipulate?
  4. What are the functions of the Dept. of land resources?
  5. Which are the agencies at the State/Union territory involved in land acquisition?
  6. What is physical infrastructure?
  7. What is social infrastructure?
  8. What are the problems faced in land acquisition?




One thought on “Land Acquisition 2 B.A.Nagesh M.A. K.A.S retd

  1. 1.) At the Centre, all the matters relating to land acquisition, resettlement and rehabilitation are considered equally important for both rural as well as urban areas. This is taken care off by two separate Ministries, namely, Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Urban Development.

    4.) Functions of dept. of land resources.

    • Land reforms, land tenures, land records, consolidation of holding and other related matters.

    • Administration of Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894) and matters relating to acquisition of land for purposes of the Union.

    • Recovery of claims in a State in respect of taxes and other public demands, including arrears of land revenue and sums recoverable as such arrears, arising outside that State.

    • Land, that is to say, collection of rents, transfer and alienation of land, land improvement and agricultural loans excluding acquisition of non-agricultural land or buildings, town planning improvements.

    • Land revenue, including the assessment and collection of revenue, survey of revenue purposes, alienation of revenues.

    • Duties in respect of succession to agricultural land.

    • National Wastelands Development Board.

    6.) A nation’s physical infrastructure consists of a broad array of systems and facilities that house and transport people and goods and provide services. Among other things, this infrastructure includes transportation networks, including roads, airports, rail, and mass transit; housing; federal buildings and facilities; and postal and telecommunications services. These systems and facilities do not exist in isolation: decisions about where to build or expand roads affect decisions about housing and vice versa, and, in turn, these decisions affect the need for and location of public facilities and communications and energy services.

    7.) Social infrastructure refers to those factors which render the human resources of a nation suitable for productive work. India is drastically different in terms of how its labor laws are regulated, how its citizens are educated, and how their health is handled. When considering a country to enter into, Staples should evaluate whether the country has an adequate social infrastructure to foster economic growth.

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