31 thoughts on “36. Parliament of India Unit Two

      Government passed legislation amending the Constitution to allow elected
      representatives to change their political affiliations without losing their seats at national,
      provincial and local levels is called “floor-crossing” legislation.

      no,the Court held that there were certain technical deficiencies
      related to the legislation providing for floor-crossing on a national and provincial level.
      This meant that Parliament was required to redraft such legislation, because
      smaller parties would be negatively affected
      by the legislation as it encouraged “cherry-picking” where larger parties offer more
      attractive positions to members of smaller parties and so lure them away from their party.
      The Constitutional Court declared that floor-crossing during designated window periods
      was constitutional.

    1. A.K. Gopalan from communist party of India was the first opposition leader in Parliament of Indian Lok Sabha from 1952-1977.

      To become a leader of the opposition in Lok Sabha, MP must have below qualification
      A) Should be member of the Lok Sabha
      B) Should be the leader of party having greatest numerical strength excluding ruling parties.
      C) Should be recognized by the Speaker in Lok Sabha.

    1. A joint sitting of the Parliament is held when there is a deadlock over a Bill except constitutional bill, between the two houses.

      Speaker of LS presides.

    1. Appropriation bill or running bill is a legislative motion (bill) which authorizes the government to spend money. It is a bill that sets money aside for specific spending. In most democracies, approval of the legislature is necessary for the government to spend money.

    1. A starred question needs an oral answer on the floor of the house, by the addressee of the question.

      An unstarred one is answered in writing.

    1. 1. Art. 249(1): Council of States can pass a resolution by 2/3 majority and legislate on any subject mentioned in the State list.

      2. Creation of a new All India Service under Art. 312

      3. Power to approve proclamations under Art 352, 356, 365 if Lok Sabha is dissolved.

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