Dr. Chaya Dubey M.A., Ph.D is one of our leading Sociology Professors. She has agreed to guide our students in Sociology. I want you to study the note below and answer her questions. You may also consult the six books given to you. I am sure you appreciate the efforts of the Institute to help the students. I should consider both myself and you lucky in having three Ph.Ds guiding you. Do your best. The next blog will come soon.
Sociology is the science that deals with social groups, their internal forms or modes of organization ,the process that tend to maintain or change these forms of organization and the relation between groups. Sociology is simply a way of studying people and their society. August Comte laid the foundation of modern sociology around the middle of the 19th century that is 1839.
But social thought did exist prior to ‘Comte’ for thousand of years. Men thought about societies in which they live. The writing of philosophers’ thinkers and law givers of various countries, contain ideas that are sociological. for example ‘Kautilya’s Arthashahthra, Manu’s dharmashastra ,Plato’s Republic ,Aristotle’s Politics and Ethics, constitute some of the ancient source of social thought.
From the Western sociological view point, these thinkers could be called as historian’s philosophers, law givers, visionaries and so on, but not sociologist.
However in the 19th century some attempts were made by some intellectuals to understand and interpret human society and its problem.
EMERGENCE OF SOCIOLOGY
During the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries the great intellectual processes of renaissance, reformation and enlightenment gave a big impetus to the continuation of the tradition of scientific thinking. The factors that led to the emergence of sociology are:
1. The influence of the age of enlightenment which is characterized by a fundamental questioning of the traditional mode of thought and social organization.
2. The impact of the twin revolutionaries namely –
i) French revolution 1789
ii) Industrial revolution 18th century
iii) Inspiration from the growth of natural and social sciences
iv)the inspiration provided by the newly discovered societies and culture.
IMPORTANCE AND SCOPE OF THE SUBJECT
It is quit natural to ask about the value of sociology, the purpose that it serves and the gain that is derived by studying it. This is the science of immense value like-
- Sociology makes a scientific study of society.
- Sociology studies role of the institutions in the development of the individuals.
- The study of sociology is indispensable for understanding and planning of society.
- Sociology is of great important in the solution of social problems.
- Sociology has drawn our attention to the intrinsic worth and dignity of man. It has been instrumental in changing our attitude towards human beings.
- Sociology has changed our outlook with regards to the problems of crime etc.
- Sociology has made great contribution to enrich human culture.
In India, the importance of the study of sociology is still greater. The Indian society is undergoing a rapid transformation.
The first step towards development and a solution of the various problems besetting the Indian society is to understand the social backgrounds of this problems.sociology will assist in understanding this background.
Please refer to the question and make short note and express your opinions.
Q 1. Sociology is the science of society. Discuss.
Q2. What would you regard as the main aim of sociology?
Q3. Is sociology a science with its own subject matter?
Q4. The twin revolution led to the development of sociology.Examine.
Q5. Discussed the social effects of industrial revolution in Indian context.
Dr. Chhaya Dubey