26. Writing an Essay: Part One

We begin a series on the art of writing an Essay. There is a compulsory essay paper carrying 200 marks. This will be a continuing series.


I now want you to write just ten points : each point extending to just one line on the topic The Future of Science and Technology in India. Number your points.


The first requirement is that the points should be relevant and there should  be a smooth flow from point one to point two and so on.

22 thoughts on “26. Writing an Essay: Part One

  1. 1> With the advance technology in Space(ISRO), Weapons(DRDO), Atomic energy and Aeronautical(HAL) we will definitely come up in these areas.
    2> India is also encouraging research in Biotechnology, Medicine and other science fields, but still not on par with science of advanced countries.
    3> Definitely we Indians(except very poor people) leading a very healthy and advanced life in this modern days by making use of technologies like Mobile phone, Cooking gas, Computers and energy efficient transport vehicles and science like new therapies/surgeries to cure disease, vaccination and human science to get rid of stress life.
    4> Number of Doctorates in India are drastically reducing compared to few decades back, which is really an alarming negative signal to Indian future in science and technology.

    5> People care for food and to survive, so they’re looking for lucrative jobs not bothering about research.

    6> According to me no country can develop without research, for that India need young minds but are already in different path.

    7> Now in India population is a boon, I agree but mere economic growth in short span would not help any country to succeed in future.

    8> Lack of political will is totally missing to drive youth to research, even parents encourage children to go behind lucrative job, it is obvious.

    9> According to me what we’re making progress in Information Technology is nothing in terms of research; it is just income from service sector.

    10> In all technology and science sector we do have expertise but would not suffice in the future of country unless there is a strong political will in the interest of country.

    1. Humanities, not Human Science. Your analysis is good. But nevertheless look at other participants and take pints from them that you may have missed

  2. India is worlds largest democracy with second largest populous country in the world.
    Mostly agrainian country in nature, revolutioning its growth in IT, BT, SPACE,DEFENCE, Education Hub, E and heading towards a dominant power of 21 century.
    Science and tecchnolgy applications and growth

    Agriculture and Technology:

    Remote Sensing
    Geographical Information systems(GIS)
    Bio-Engineering and etc..

    Role of Science and technology in Education:

    1)From Books to tablets and from black boards to virtual classes
    2)From months long wait for results to Online examination
    3) Storage of information from books to Virtual storage units

    Solar power, space crafts


    From tankers to Missiles and unmanned aircrafts
    from ships to submarines.

    and many more to continue…

  3. The Future of Science and Technology in India.

    In the present status of India’s science and technology, India is suffering from migration of considerable number of talented professionals in various disciplines, inadequate funds, inadequate labor and testing or certifying laboratory facilities, difficulties in safeguarding or patenting projects by individuals, etc…..
    The status quo of education system or institutions is not value based. The professionals are just like the factory made toys without any innovation or ideology for future sustainable development of the country. This is not only in science and technology but also in all spheres of the nation’s activities.
    The future of science and technology should be dealt with the perspective of analyzing all the future needs of India on priority basis, for example, development of Agricultural science(new machines for reducing the laborious work in farming for the survival of agriculture)for food security, optimized and innovative usage of conventional and non-conventional energy resources for energy security, controlling all organizations and institutions using e-governance for transparent and corruption free government, developing new technologies to reduce the pollution and wastage in industrial or automobiles for safeguarding our environment etc…..
    No one has asked for building a hotel in moon or a space station.
    If India with its science and technology can ensure the proper standard of living to all its staggering 1.171 billion↑ people and consider giving its hand for the upliftment of economically deprived nation’s, there is no doubt that India will stay top in global arena and that will be the real satisfaction or pride that our people can get.

    1. The trouble with you is you ignore instructions. I wanted you to write points but you have written a paragraph. Also the same with Chanderraj. Read other entries and make points that you have missed out.

  4. 1. A new era began in Indian science and technology when the office of the Hijli Detention Camp was converted into the IIT Kharagpur’ s first building by then minister of education Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Then onwards India has seen a rapid growth in science and technology despite not being at the forefront of industrial revolution.
    2. The war with china lead to establish ISRO and DRDO with initial help from Russia,
    Today India stand as one of the most powerful nation . Worlds best Satellite launching station, the success of Chandrayan-1 being the first to discover water on moon, Nuclear tests and recent success of AGNI-4 missile showcase the capability of India as a world leader in space and military technologies. The abundant reserves of thorium will boost the energy sector and in tern the space programs.
    3. The IT Sector that started with TCS in late 1960’s now turned into help to bosom the whole service sector and now India is the worlds IT Hub and the service sector has grown to 40% GDP from a humble beginning.
    4. From Tally one of the original Indian software product, now every day a new innovation is happening in Indian software sector. Akash the worlds cheapest tablet to the funding in 12th five year plan to develop peta flop computers ; perhaps the most inclusively grown industry.
    5. The real potential of biotechnology and biochemistry had foreseen 25 years ago in India, low cost effective vaccines are being developed in India. Meningitis- vaccine by Serum institute to give an example and India rapidly becoming the biotechnological center of the world.
    6. STRASA project’s flood tolerant paddy Varity ,
    The Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSMCRI)’s
    new technology for potash fertilizers to obtain from sea water which are under trails now
    Can significantly boost the agricultural research as well.
    7. A new kind of tourism; health tourism has seen a rapid growth in India, as India has most skilled medical professionals and the services are available at significantly low costs.
    8. India has recently tested its first indigenous airplane developed by HAL, which is a sign of growth of a new sector which can pick up significantly with proper tie-ups with international
    Airplanes manufacturers like Boeing. Airbus is already having a manufacturing unit in India.
    9. Earth Sciences are also rapidly picking up. Institutes like (IMD), (NCMRWF), (NIO), (NCOAR) are started collaborating. ONGC has global presence and have one of the worlds best geologist. The fast establishment of Tsunami earthquake alert centers is a symbol of knowledge base we have on this subject
    10. Despite seeing a rapid growth in various scientific sectors, India is still lagging behind the original researches happening in India due to brain drain and counterfeits in research papers submitted. Department of science and technology tool lot of initiatives recently to increase the scientific temperament in the country ; project INSPIRE is one among them

  5. In science imposible dosen’t exist , inventions & discoveries are the products of constant endeavour by creative mind’s.India needs a new generation of creative scientists & inventions,above all we need environment for research n invention’s above all , academic institutions must have well equiped laboratories & proffesor’s .

    i agree with rama naidu . migration of talented people in the field of science n tech is causing sever problem for the development of science , if the same people work for there own country no doubt India will reach the peak of glory & become one of the super powerr nations in the world

    Sir Abdul kalam the greatest scientist , in his book 2020 has advocated an action plan to develop india in to a knowledge super power & a developed nation by theyear 2020 . kalam continues to take an active interest in the development in the field of sience n tech

    i truely feel that loking in to the pace of science n tech in india kalam’s dream will come true

    1. I agree with Aswini, but India is already a super power. It ranks 8th most powerful country in the world. India’s purchasing power and GDP growing rapidly as well. But surprisingly India ranks 134 in Human development index. In order it need to be improved literacy and health conditions need to improve, that can be done with enough money and political will. We cannot complain about political will until we the people stop begging for our needs and start claiming our rights. Comes to money we need to sustain the current development phase and also try to reduce the inflation as for as possible which caused due to the economic growth, the industries are picking up fast in order to let that happen the government has to take care of its future needs, that is the energy factor and the availability of skilled people. Kudankulam is an example of Indian government’s commitment to the energy sector. When it comes to skilled people India having enough skilled people but when it comes to the question of whether these people can take a revolution in the sectors, well I seriously doubt that.
      Brain drain started decreasing and people are returning home with the knowledge they have possessed outside. The government must encourage these guys by creating policies that can intern create more venture capitalists in the country. Comes to education, right now there is no Indian science and technology university in world’s top 100 rankings. Comes to research that is going on India is way back compare to other super powers. But again there is a rapid growth in this area from last 5 years, the research papers that are being produced increased by 40 percent in these 5 years. Things are changing now; the establishment of Asia’s first space institute at Thiruvananthapuram is a sign. I see every day lot of foreign students on the roads of Bangalore may be they are from a less developed country than India. All are good signs and we only need to pick up the pace and continue. But being the world’s biggest democracy comes with a price. But still we are the teacher’s to the world.

    2. Please follow my instructions. I asked for ten points not a short paragraph. See other entries and learn. Your points are good but too brief and sketchy. Remember that you are practicing for the Essay paper. The Essay should be eight to ten pages.

  6. The Future of Science and Technology

    As India is approaching the 21st century, rapid advancement in the disciplines of Science and technology has taken place in the past 5 years as compared to 2000. India seems to be catching on a hot spot in terms of improving its educational and scientific aspects.

    1. Most of the Indian students’ aspire and apply overseas to get a holistic learning approach. The gap between the East and the West has been broadened and students’ (learners) of different types are using this window of opportunity to specialize in their disciplines or of choice.

    2. Technology has not spared the education platform. Innovations from companies like Intel, Apple ( promoting student friendly laptops, “eduriite portals” etc)and giant MNC’s like Wipro have taken in the plunge to improve the domicile of setting up a premier institute to prepare teachers’ to improve upon the education patterns in the Rural sector. The inclusion of RTE act, use of “Tablets” and its introduction in the rural aspect where every child in rural India can have access to it and promote a revolutionized learning as stated by the HRD Ministry promises a brighter outlook.

    3. The role Internet has played is a huge change in the recent years. Use of social networking sites like twitter, Facebook , LinkedIn etc have changed the outlook as to how technology in its virtual world has surfaced up enabling growth, marketing and spread of information as a channels of communication . This is soon making India as a relevant hub of information disposal and receiver.

    4. Innovations in terms of technology have forced R&D developments on the up rise. With the challenging demands of the market and severe competition among local and international competitors, the strategy of leadership, entrepreneurship and innovation are the trends of today.

    5. The Ministry of Education has already spent and has proposed more funding /schemes in rural and other states for the opening of Research Institutes, Law schools, Medical Colleges, Management schools and also improving the employment scenario in the Public and Private sectors.

    6. The Defense sector especially the armed forces has been heavily improvised with the findings of latest artillery and also promoting joint operations with different Nations enabling a rich experience to be befitted. The Public Sector companies (ISRO, DRDO, HAL, BEL (etc ) have brought a huge change in innovation of new patents, collaboration schemes and upgrading the current practices is seen as huge boost.

    7. The media has changed the outlook of today’s India totally making the common man understand his stand in the country. With the huge wakening of fundamental rights against issues like corruption, bribery schemes, debating and holding of fasts has changed the outlook as to how Politics is viewed. Media {Print, Visual, performing} is a threshold of information for today’s’ man of the 21st century.

    8. Economic strategies have been varying alongside with the growth in population, inflation rates and improving bilateral trades amongst different nations are a crucial factor in India’s economy.

    9. The recent issue of Kudankulam is an example of Indian government’s commitment to the energy sector, the growing demand for attaining a Nuclear Deal are all evidences to show the growth in the scienctific disciplines. The R&D of medical, Pharma and biotechnological fields have improved therein with the inflow of foreign investments and scope of promoting needs for a better tomorrow.

    10. The scope and rate at which the impact of the rising demands of Science and technology spruces up a welcome smile for the forthcoming 21st age. But one must keep in mind the impacts too which arises alongside. The only good thing that one can predict is “Hope for one’s living in an ever changing world.”

    1. This is the best response. But it needs to be supported by some statistics. You have not mentioned our development of Agni Iv and proposals to develop Agni V. and this is being done by the youth. On the whole your response is the best. But look up other entries as well so that you may spruce p your answer with more meaty stuff.

  7. Two reasons why agriculture to be improved in India
    One, 66% of Indians work in this sector. India cannot “emerge” until the quality of life improves for farmers.
    Two, food security is important to any country. Production and storage of food cannot be neglected. Most countries, including USA, provide subsidies to farmers .
    That’s why i think India need science and technology in the field of agriculture here some of the point where we can improve in agriculture
    Bt crops are protected against insect damage and reduce pesticide use.
    presently – cotton
    future: sunflower, soybean, wheat, Ragi
    Herbicide tolerant crops allow farmers to apply a specific herbicide to control weeds without harm to the crop.
    Disease-resistant crops
    High-performance cooking oils – reduce need for hydrogenation and create healthier food products-lower in trans fats.
    Delayed ripening fruits and vegetables have superior stay fresh longer.
    Nutritionally enhanced foods will offer increased levels of nutrients, vitamins
    The production of antibodies and vaccines from plants is rapidly moving forward so we need to improve in this field
    we need to in improve in using plant traits through genetic engineering to increase food and fiber production, provide a safer and healthier environment

    1. All must read Ananya’s blog. She has drwan attention to the most important need for India. But Ananya must also look at other achievements. Write as Arun has done in the form of points. make notes from others.

  8. India is home of science and technology from ancient times . there were many astronomers like aryabhatta , varahamhira etc. presently India need science and technology because in order to improve the external and internal security of the country, and also clearly defines the economic status of the country therefore India has carried out so many following projects,

    India has successfully launched many satellites, geo satellites, chndrayana 1 to carry out research in moon etc

    It has established tsunami alert in indian ocean, establishment of nuclear reactors,

    Establishment of research centers in Antarctica

    Successful launches of missiles etc

    above achievements made its way to be a member of organizations like ESA, ISS Etc

    India is successfully developing indegenous technologies through funds to carry out research and development.

    1. See my comments on others. You have written well. Keep it up. By the way will you kindly ask your father to look at the blogs? I have a large number of requests from Journos and other students from all over the world for permission to join the blog site.

  9. 1.The Future of scientific research in India is very promising. India is the Promised Land of scientific and technology research.In an increasingly competitive global economy, knowledge-driven growth powered by innovation is critically imperative,that could well determine the fate not just of our scientific and developmental future but, more importantly, of our progress as a nation.

    2.Science and technology drive economic and social development of a nation, as the saying goes “POWER RESPECTS POWER” the health of the state of its science & technology is measured quantitatively and monitored rigorously by many advanced nations.India’s emergence as a nation to assume the role of knowledge superpower is being recognised all over the world.

    3.India’s research and development in many areas such as genetic modification, bio-energy sources, biochemistry, atomic energy, organ donation, biomedical science, and handling these issues of ethical dilemmas that scientific research presents will be an education for many other countries, including developed countries.

    4.The Science and Technology Division of the Planning Commission is the nodal division for all matters relating to Science and Technology Plan formulation ( both Five Year Plans and Annual Plans) and realizes all the objectives of these plans through six major Departments like,Department of Atomic Energy (DAE),Department of Space (DOS),Department of Science and Technology (DST),Department of Biotechnology (DBT),Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) including the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR),Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES)

    5.Due to Progress in India’s science and Technology happened during the last few years, it is leading in many areas while evolving in many others.Just to list a few… India is strong in Software technology and computer science,Technical manpower in India is one of the biggest in the world,India is the second largest producer of vegetables,India’s communication network of satellites is one of the largest in the world.

    6.The lack of attractive salaries compared to the private sector has created a void in the education and research sectors. Indian minds are among the brightest and skilled, and many students from the ITT’s are highly sought by European and American universities.to counteract this creation of a National Science and Engineering Research Board, responsible for funding and furthering scientific research,recognition and rewards for scientific research is a significant step in the right direction.

    7.Although India produces about 400,000 engineering graduates very few continue ahead in pursuing their post graduation and do research every year,just about 20,000 master’s degree holders and fewer than 1,000 Ph.Ds in engineering graduate each year.India’s commitment to research, considering our scientists’ potential and our aspirations as a nation needs a lot of barriers to be crossed in terms of reseachers per million in population as well as the number of people compared to U.S and China.

    8.The need for a strong science eco-system based on a sound research foundation has an integral connect with India’s development as a world power.Our success in ensuring this over the next few years will determine how best we will be able to secure India’s scientific and developmental future.

    9.The key to continued success for India in a globalised knowledge-driven economy is building a higher education system that is superior in quality and committed encouragement of relevant research in science and technology.

    10.A recent survey report concludes ,given ideal conditions, India’s research productivity would be on a par with that of most G8 nations within seven to eight years and that it could probably overtake them in 2015-2020.

  10. India is world largest democracy with second largest population in the country.
    The following are the application and growth.
    1)world”s first artificial life created.
    the synthetic cell produced which , can also reproduce itself.

    2)super heavy element 117 created.

    3)relation between modern human beings and neanderthals.

    4)big bang machine create record collisions .

    5)kit to detect H1N1 virus in and hour.

    6)Pakistan test fire ballistic missiles.

    7)world smallest Eswitch

    8)russia conducts first test of FGFA sukhoi.

    9)spectrum of light from exo planet.

    10)evidence of life on mars.

  11. Now India is transitioning to a period of scientific interdependence. There has been a revolution in thinking about internationalism in India since post-colonial times. Then science was principally a national activity for national purposes, now science is a global activity, dependent on international networks of knowledge sharing and discovery. Although it might be fair to say that international collaboration is still largely an elite exercise in India, there is a widely held aspiration amongst scientists and a central push from government to become a global science hub through multiplying international linkages.

    1.Today the government is responsible for the vast majority of R&D undertaken in India in government-funded labs such as the 40-lab-strong CSIR network. Seventy percent of R&D is directly government-funded, whilst if indirect government funding of R&D is included, the tally rises to almost 85% of the total.15 this includes research across a wide range of disciplines and applications.

    2.A high percentage of Central Government R&D performed is military research. There are as many as 50 labs working under the auspices of the Defence Research and Development Organization.

    3.Universities are responsible for a very small overall percentage of research and development spending but are a vital part of the innovation process in India, creating the highly trained young scientists and engineers who go on to work in research and development elsewhere.

    4Private sector research is made up of R&D undertaken by Indian firms and that done by multinational company (MNC) labs. Evidence suggests that the investment into research and development done by foreign companies in India has grown rapidly in the past decade. There is very mixed evidence about whether Indian companies – both large and small – are increasing the amount of money spent on R&D.

    5.It is the aim of the current Indian government to stimulate much greater levels of research and development in the private sector and in universities. At a recent event in London, Dr Mashelkar, Director General of the CSIR labs, said that he expected the percentage of Indian research undertaken by government to fall in the next decade, although the absolute levels would continue to rise.

    6.The CSIR was established in the 1950’s and consists of a network of 40 laboratories, two co-operative research institutions and 100 extensions and field centres. It was the focus of reform in the 1980’s when a set of government controls were introduced that required each lab to raise a third of their funds independently. The labs responded in different ways: the National Chemical Laboratory by doing contract R&D, Leather Research Institute by commercialization of technologies and the Salt and Marine Chemicals Institute by renting out facilities and contract testing.

    7. Universities in IndiaThe top-level statistics about universities in India are staggering. According to the University Grants Commission, the Indian university student popula-tion is currently 9.2 million students. According to McKinsey, the manage-ment consultancy, the pool of young Indian university graduates (those with 7 years or less of work experience) is about 14 million. That is 1.5 times the size of China’s and almost twice that of the US. This reservoir of talent is topped up by 2.5 million new graduates in IT, engineering and life sciences each year, 650,000 postgraduates and 4,000 – 6,000 PhDs.16There is little doubt that the elite of India’s universities are among the best in the world

    8.Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) The crown jewels of the Indian education system are the IITs, created to train an elite of scientists and engineers after Independence.

    9.Information Technology and Mobile Telecoms Indian software exports grossed US$12 billion in the financial year 2004–05, up from US$ 9.2 billion in 2003–04, indicating growth of 30.4 percent for the year. IT exports are predicted to account for 35% of the total exports from India in 2008. By 2008 India is also expected to have overtaken Japan as the third biggest mobile market in the world after China and the US. By 2010, India is expected to have over 20 million 3G subscribers. Despite the meteoric success of IT in India it has been the site of very little R&D expenditure. There are around 3,000 IT companies in India today, and the Indian IT industry is currently exporting to 150+ countries across the globe. But even the now globally renowned Indian software giant Infosys spends only 0.86 percent of its sales on R&D.

    10.PharmaceuticalsThe Indian pharmaceutical industry is in line to become one of the top ten global markets in the next few years, already holding 13th place in the global league table. It achieved sales of almost $4.6 billion in 2004, with indications that this will reach $8.3 billion by 2009, an increase of 80% in 5 years.22 India’s 10 largest drugs firms invested $142 million on R&D in 2004. According to a recent report, 37 drug candidates are currently in development. But the Indian pharmaceuticals industry is not attempting to imitate the model of Western Big Pharma (company participation and control of every stage of research in the hope of f inding blockbuster drugs).

  12. Rapid development towards sci and tech in the 21st cen ,
    towards edu & health ,agri industries, banks, space, internt etc
    E-commerce, kissan call centre 1800-180-1551:helps farmer
    India has successfully launched many satellites, geo satellites, chndrayana 1 to carry out research in moon
    contribution in GDP: high growth of IT-BPO 56.3%-62.6% as increased. Establishment of research centers in Antarctica
    Successful launches of missiles etc

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